Hydroxychloroquine is a medication that is primarily used to treat malaria, but it is also prescribed for certain autoimmune conditions, such as rheumatoid arthritis and lupus. It gained attention during the COVID-19 pandemic as a potential treatment, although its efficacy for this purpose has been a subject of debate and ongoing research. Below are some details about hydroxychloroquine tablets:

Hydroxychloroquine Tablets:

1. Indications:

  • Malaria Treatment and Prevention: Used for the treatment of uncomplicated malaria caused by Plasmodium falciparum, Plasmodium malariae, Plasmodium ovale, and Plasmodium vivax. Also used for malaria prevention in certain regions.
  • Rheumatoid Arthritis: Used in the management of rheumatoid arthritis.
  • Lupus (Systemic Lupus Erythematosus): Used to treat and manage lupus.

2. Mechanism of Action:

  • Hydroxychloroquine is believed to have anti-malarial properties by interfering with the growth and reproduction of the malaria parasite within red blood cells.
  • In autoimmune conditions, it may modulate the immune system, although the exact mechanism is not fully understood.

3. Dosage and Administration:

  • The dosage can vary based on the specific indication and the patient's weight.
  • It should be taken orally in the form of Tablets.
  • It must be taken with milk or after meal to reduce the risk of stomach upset.

4. Precautions:

  • Regular monitoring of vision is recommended, as hydroxychloroquine has been associated with rare cases of retinopathy.
  • Caution is advised in patients with pre-existing heart conditions.
  • It should not be taken during pregnancy unless the benefits are more the risks.

5. Side Effects:

  • Some common side effects can be Nausea, Diarrhea, Headache, and Dizziness.
  • Serious side effects are rare but may include changes in vision and heart-related issues.

6. Interactions:

  • Hydroxychloroquine may interact with certain medications, including other anti-malarials, medications affecting the heart, and drugs that may affect the liver.


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